Electricity generation with a future - local and renewable

There is a clear trend recognisable in Berlin, which will continue to increase over the next few years: alongside traditional electricity plants and CHPs, an increasing number of small, local generation plants are being integrated into the distribution grid. These include photovoltaic plants, wind turbines, thermal power stations in a wide range of sizes and bioenergy plants.

The photovoltaic plants and wind turbines represent a particular challenge for grid operators: they do not produce a constant supply of energy. The time at which generation occurs and the amount of energy generated depend on how the wind is blowing and the sun is shining. However, there are also several smaller local generation plants, e.g. small thermal power stations, which feed in regardless of actual demand.

Plants in Berlin

Number and distribution across the urban area

Here you can see the number of renewable generation plants and their distribution across Berlin's urban area.

Generation by plants in Berlin (in 2019)

Number of installations10
Installed capacity (in kW)12,401
Energy generated  (in GWh)29
Number of installations7,608
Installed capacity  (in kW)101.087
Energy generated  (in GWh)73
Number of installations41
Installed capacity  (in kW)43,796
Energy generated  (in GWh)249

Looking to the future - renewable energy generation in north-east Germany

In Berlin itself, there are not enough opportunities to produce sufficient amounts of energy from renewables. The region around Berlin, however, offers good conditions for generating renewable energy as there is plenty of space for wind turbines and photovoltaic plants. Most energy is not consumed at the point of generation, but rather flows into densely populated areas, e.g. to Berlin.


A few plants in Berlin produce energy from renewable sources. These plants, however, do not meet Berlin's total demand for electrical energy. This is why Berlin, as the main customer in the region, takes renewable energy from the surrounding area. This means that today, 22% of Berlin's energy consumption already comes from green energy.

By 2023

Green energy generation in Berlin and north-east Germany will continue to increase between now and 2023. Berlin's energy requirements cannot be met by Berlin's own green energy generation plants. Berlin will continue to draw energy from renewable sources in the surrounding area. The amount of energy from renewable sources in Berlin's energy mix increases to over 50%.

By 2033

In 2033, Berlin will still not have a completely self-sufficient supply of green energy. As generation from renewable sources in north-east Germany almost trebles by 2033, around 65% of Berlin's energy consumption will be covered by renewable energy sources, mainly drawn from the surrounding area.

This movie is available in German language only.